Gerberas can surely cheer the farmers! With a proper cultivation guide, Gerberas can give high profits.

Gerberas are Ornamental plants used for decorative purposes at various events. It has high international value for the market in India. Proper Cultivation practices will lead to earnings in lakhs for the farmers.

Climate & Soil –

Bright sunshine is important for the growth of gerbera. The optimum day and night temperatures are 27°C and 14°C respectively. For flower initiation, the optimum temperature is 23oC and for leaf unfolding it is 25°C – 27°C. The soil pH must be between 5.5 to 6.5. Red lateritic soils are good for Gerbera cultivation as it is having all the essential qualities that an ideal soil should have.

Planting Bed –

Gerberas are grown on raised beds. The dimensions for the bed should be as follows-
Bed height: 1.5 feet (45 cm) ,Bed width: 2 feet (60 cm) ,Between the beds: 1 foot (30 cm).
The beds should be porous and we’ll drain them. Organic manure is recommended to improve soil texture and provide nutrition. The soil should be loose all the time. Organic manure and soil should be mixed thoroughly. The upper layer of soil and FYM should be properly mixed. While bed preparation, add Single Super Phosphate (0:16:0) @ 2.5 kg per 100 sqft for better root establishment and Magnesium Sulphate @ 0.5 kg per 100 sqft to take care of deficiency of Mg. Neem cake (@ 1 kg / m) is also added for the prevention of nematode infestation.

Propagation –
Gerbera is propagated by seed, by cuttings of side shoots and suckers.

Varieties –

Important cultivars of Gerbera – Ruby Red, Dusty, Delphi, Treasure, Pre Intenzz, Anneke, Nette, Rosetta, Stanza, Winter Queen, Cacharelle, Jaffa, Sangria, Diana, Thalia, Sonsara, Paganini.

Planting –

The plant should have at least 4 to 5 leaves and should not be less than 3 months old. The zigzag plantation system is mostly preferred. While planting 65% portion of the root ball should be kept below ground and the rest of the portion should be kept above ground for proper air circulation.

Plant Density & Spacing –
These both factors play an important role in the Yield The plants should be ranged from 8-10 plants/sqm and spacing should be 30 X 30 cm or 40 x 25 cm.

Fertilization –
Well-decomposed organic manure of about 25 – 75 t/ha is required. For the first three months after planting, application of 20:20:20:N:P: K @ 1.5 g/l of water every two days during the vegetative stage encourages better foliage. Once flowering commences, N:P: K 15:8:35 at the rate of 1.5 g/l water/day is to be given. Other Micronutrients are to be given weekly or fortnightly.

Intercultural Practices –

Disbudding – Removal of buds that are inferior at the initial stages to ensure the growth of good quality flowers is called disbudding and helps in making plants strong and healthy.

Raking – Due to daily irrigation, the surface of the gerbera bed becomes hard hence raking of soil is done with the help of a raker. It increases soil aeration in the root zone of the plant.

Removal of old leaves – For sanitation purposes, the old leaves should be removed. Dried parts of plants as well as diseased leaves can cause a reduction in the yield.

Weeding – Timely weeding ensures good production.

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